General Knowledge About Lord Gautama Buddha & Buddhism


GAUTAM BUDDHA

Lord Gautama Buddha or Shidartha

Lord Gautam Buddha is the founder of the religion Buddhism.

Another Name of Gautama Buddha: Lord Gautama Buddha is also known as Sakyamuni or Tathagata.

Date of Birth and Place: Gautama Buddha was born in 563 BC on Vaishakha Purnima day at Lumbini ( near Kapilavastu) in Nepal.

Parents Name: His father Suddhodana was the Saka ruler and his mother Mahamaya of Kosala dynasty, died after 7 days

Of his birth. Gautama Buddha was brought up by stepmother Gautami.

Married life: At 16 years old he married to Yashodhara and was a son named Rahula.

Changing moment of his life:   After seeing an old man, a sick man, a corpse and an ascetic, he decided to become a wanderer.

Left house: He left his house at 29 years old in search of truth (also called “Mahabhinishkramana or The great Renunciation) and wondered for 6 years.

Enlightenment: He attained “Enlightenment” at 35 at Gaya in Magadha (Bihar) under Pipal tree.

First Sermon: Gautama Buddha Delivered his first sermon at Sarnath where his five disciples had settled. His first sermon is called “Dharmachakrapravartan’ or “Turning of Wheel of Law

Mahaparinirvana: Lord Gautama Buddha attained Mahaparinirvana at Kushinagar in 483 BC at the age of 80 in the Malla republic ( now U.P).

Buddhist Council:

First Buddhist council: First Buddhist council celebrated in 483 BC at Rajgriha under the chairmanship of Mahakassaapa and the King was Ajatshatru. Divided the teaching of Buddha into two Pitakas- Vinay Pitaka and Sutta Pitaka.

Second Buddhist council: The second Buddhist council was celebrated in 383 BC at Vaishali under Sabakami and the king was Kalashoka. Followers divided into Sthavirmandis and Mahasanghikas.

Third Buddhist council: At Pataliputra , in 250Bc under Mogaliputra Tissa (king was Ashoka). In this council the trird part of Tripitakas was coded in Pali language.

Fourth Buddhist council:  At Kashmir (Kundalvan), in 72 AD under Vasumitra and the king was Kanishka. Divided Buddhism into Mahayana and Hinayana sects.

Buddhist Literature:

In Plai language.

Vinaya Pitaka: Rules of discipline in Buddhist monasteries.

Sutta Pitaka: Largest contains collection of Buddha,s sermons.

Abhidhamma Pitaka: Explanation of the philosophical principles of the Buddhist religion.

 

References:

Ancient Indian History General Knowledge Questions

History General Knowledge Questions And Answers


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